Latin America - 1492 to 2008- Summer Class

  • Turning points in Latin American History
    At the Beginning of the XX century, president T. Roosevelt opted for policies that were nor favorable neither popular in Latin America. In 1903, the U.S.A. recognized the independence of Panama from Colombia. The same year Panama gave its land to the U.S.A to continue building the canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans the French could not conclude for Colombia. Following the above link you can read the message T. Roosevelt read to congress informing it of the progress of the canal construction. Click on the above link to access this message.
    2- Bartolomé de Las Casas and his Defense of the Indians
    After learning about the harsh treatment the Spaniards gave to the Native American, the colonist Bartolomé de las casas, turned clergy, became the voice of the indigenous people of Latin America to the Spanish crown. Bartolomé’s work gained the declaration of the Native Americans as subjects of the Spanish crown making them ineligible for enslavement. The document at the above link presents the document he wrote to the royals in defense of the Americans.
    3- Khrushchev's Message to Kennedy, 10/28/62
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/jfk-missiles/ (visited 7/20/15)
    After the Cuban Revolution success in 1959, the USA wanted to help reestablish Batista government in 1961. The USA wanted to invade Cuba via Bay of Pigs. Castro imprisoned all the would-be invaders and asked the Soviet Union for support. The Soviets planted long reach Missiles in Cuba aiming to the USA. This incident was known as the Cuban Missiles Crisis, and had the world at seconds of an atomic war. Following the above link you will read Nikita’s message to J.F. Kennedy, which actually stopped the confrontation.

     

    4- Address on Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1935
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/fdr-aaa/ (visited 7/20/15)
    During the first decades of the XX century, the masses all over the Americas claimed land reforms. Mexico had some success after the adoption of the 1917 New Constitution. The United States was not free of land problems and in 1935 President F.D. Roosevelt addressed congress with the above agricultural reform. This was part of the well-known “New Deal”.
    5- La Constitución Mexicana de 1917
    http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Constitutions/Mexico/mexico1917.html (visited 7/20/15) 69 pages
    The encomiendas or large portions of land the Spanish royals gave to few people, continued in Mexico after their war for independence. The unjust distribution of the land and other social problems had as a result a new constitution. This constitution was adopted in 1917 and a copy is found in the above link.
    After WW I, the United States was afraid of the expansion of Communism through Europe. Greece was having economic troubles and running the risk of being invaded and taken over by the Communist URRS.  President Truman believed the US had to help Greece, as well as Turkey to stop the possible spread of communist ideology. The above link will take you to Truman’s address to congress to get such help for those two nations.

     

    7- Soviet Union Response to the Truman’s Doctrine
    http://www.historywiz.com/primarysources/vyshinsky.html (visited 7/25/15)
    Offended by the help offered to Greece and Turkey by the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshal Plan to help all Europe, the Soviet Union spokes person at the United Nations, Andrei Vyshinsky, said the words found at the above link.
    Other Resources
    - El Batllismo-  How a Nationalistic Idea Changed the Course of a Nation
    Uruguay under President Battle (a you tube presentation)
    Historywiz page of primary documents on the Cold War

     

     

     

     

    - How Am I Going to Use this Material in My Classroom?

     

    This material will serve two different purposes in my classroom. First, to teach the difference between primary and secondary resources. Second, this material will be used to teach its historical content.

     

     

    -I teach world geography and part of this curriculum is Latin America where the students learn about the Panama Canal. Roosevelt Message to congress will be a good tool to teach this subject.

     

     

     

     

     

    -  While teaching Latin America human geography the curriculum calls for European conquest and colonization. I am planning to use the document on Bartolomé de las casas to illustrate the dynamics going on at this time in history.

     

    - My American history Curriculum for 8th graders addresses the Monroe Doctrine. When I teach the Monroe Doctrine always end up teaching the Cuban missiles Crisis. This year I will use Nikita’s message to Kennedy to make this historical passage more relevant.

     

    - The New Deal is a subject I touch on every time I teach or talk to the class about the Constitution and social Justice. This year I am planning on using Roosevelt’s land reforms as an example of government intervention to improve the lives of the masses.

     

    - The Mexican Constitution of 1917 will serve  two purposes for me this school year. I am planning to use it as a comparison/contrast while teaching our own Constitution to 8th graders. I will use it to teach part of the Mexican revolution while teaching Mexico to my 7th graders as well ( I do not know how I am going to use it yet, but there are several ways I can do it).

     

    -The Truman Doctrine and the Soviet response will be used to illustrate the Cold War when I Teach it to my 7th graders.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    -  While teaching Latin America human geography the curriculum calls for European conquest and colonization. I am planning to use the document on Bartolomé de las casas to illustrate the dynamics going on at this time in history.

     

    - My American history Curriculum for 8th graders addresses the Monroe Doctrine. When I teach the Monroe Doctrine always end up teaching the Cuban missiles Crisis. This year I will use Nikita’s message to Kennedy to make this historical passage more relevant.

     

    - The New Deal is a subject I touch on every time I teach or talk to the class about the Constitution and social Justice. This year I am planning on using Roosevelt’s land reforms as an example of government intervention to improve the lives of the masses.

     

    - The Mexican Constitution of 1917 will serve  two purposes for me this school year. I am planning to use it as a comparison/contrast while teaching our own Constitution to 8th graders. I will use it to teach part of the Mexican revolution while teaching Mexico to my 7th graders as well ( I do not know how I am going to use it yet, but there are several ways I can do it).

     

    -The Truman Doctrine and the Soviet response will be used to illustrate the Cold War when I Teach it to my 7th graders.